Respiratory Pathogen Panel

Respiratory Pathogens

Acute respiratory infections continue to be the leading cause of mortality worldwide. Between 5 to 20% of people in the United States, each year are affected by seasonal influenza, 95% of those who get influenza get type A. Respiratory pathogens can include both viral and bacterial infections ranging from Adenovirus, Rhinovirus/Enterovirus to Parainfluenza. Including all types of acute respiratory infections, most people will contract an infection every year. Often these infections can present with similar symptoms and can not be accurately diagnosed without lab identification. The impacts of these infections are severe. While final totals are difficult to ascertain, the estimated deaths for the 2015-2016 influenza season were near 12,000, which was considered a mild year. The CDC recommends and is backed by studies, that antiviral drugs are best applied within two days of becoming sick. Yet, the NCBI also warns that excessive antibiotic prescription for acute respiratory infection accounts for 55% of excess antibiotics prescribed. Clearly, proper diagnosis and prescription are prudent to the public’s current and future health.

Accurate Diagnosis, Improved Outcomes

Our Respiratory Pathogen Panel can identify the presence of 31 pathogens from an oral fluids (saliva) specimen. Quick and accurate diagnosis improves patient outcomes as well as reducing cost-of-care. With the overlapping symptoms of many upper and lower respiratory infections, proper lab diagnosis is necessary to prevent inappropriate or unnecessary prescription. Our RPP service, like many of our other services, is testable through a saliva specimen. This minimally invasive cheek swab specimen collection is quick and convenient for both your patient and practitioners. After the requisition and sample processing, result reports are made available through a secure and easy-to-interpret online portal. Add reliable a Respiratory Pathogen Panel to your diagnosis workflow today.

Types of Respiratory Pathogens

Beyond Influenza type A/B, there is the ever-present Rhinovirus (the predominant cause of the common cold), Adenovirus, Human Respiratory Syncytial Virus (HRSV) and others. It is estimated that 500 million influenza infections happen annually.

  • Virus Sp.

    • Influenza A
    • Influenza H1N1
    • Influenza B
    • Influenza C
    • Rhinovirus
    • Coronavirus NL63
    • Coronavirus 229E
    • Coronavirus OC43
    • Coronavirus KJU1
    • Parainfluenza 1
    • Parainfluenza 2
    • Parainfluenza 3
    • Parainfluenza 4
    • Human Metapneumovirus A/B
    • Bocavirus
    • Adenovirus
    • Enterovirus
    • Parechovirus
    • Respiratory Syncytial Viruses A/B

  • Bacterial Sp.

    • Chlamydia pneumoniae
    • Mycoplasma pneumoniae
    • Staphylococcus aureus
    • Streptococcus pneumoniae
    • Moraxella catarrhalis
    • Haemophilus influenzae
    • Haemophilus influenzae type B
    • Klebsiella pneumoniae
    • Legionella pneumophlia / longbeachae
    • Salmonella sp.
    • Pneumocystis jirovecii
    • Bordetella sp. (except Bordetella parapertussis)

Sources

  • https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/12588210
  • https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/11512079
  • https://www.sharecare.com/health/cold-and-flu/how-common-influenza-type-a
  • https://www.cdc.gov/flu/about/disease/us_flu-related_deaths.htm
  • https://www.cdc.gov/flu/about/disease/2015-16.htm

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